Echoing in Composition
Echoing is a technique used by artists to create recurring themes in their images by repeating patterns, symbols, or ideas in the foreground and background. Many street photographers like Henri Cartier-Bresson, Elliott Erwitt, and Craig Semetko use this approach to create a surreal and sometimes humorous effect. In the image below by Craig Semetko, notice how he is echoing the motif of the couples intimately engaged with each other.
Photograph above by Henri Cartier-Bresson demonstrating echoing in composition.